named vice chair of IEEE Technical Committee on Real-Time Systems<img alt="" src="/Profiles/PublishingImages/Gill_Chris_2018.jpg?RenditionID=2" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>Chris Gill, professor of computer science & engineering, has been elected as the next vice chair of the IEEE Technical Committee on Real-Time Systems (TCRTS). He will serve as vice chair for the next two years, then will serve as chair for the following two years.  </p><p> </p><p>He succeeds Chenyang Lu, the Fullgraf professor in computer science & engineering, who is completing his term as TCRTS chair. </p><p> </p><p>By the end of Gill's terms in the leadership roles, a member of the faculty from the McKelvey School of Engineering's Department of Computer Science & Engineering will have been in the leadership roles for four consecutive terms.</p><p> </p><p>The IEEE Computer Society Technical Committee on Real-Time Systems (TCRTS) addresses hardware and software issues related to the use of computers in real-time data systems, operating systems, processing of acquired data, database management, process control, data acquisition networks, industrial systems, and data communications in both distributed and parallel computing environments. <br/></p><p>​</p>Gill2020-01-13T06:00:00ZChris Gill has been elected vice chair of the IEEE Technical Committee on Real-Time Systems. the newest National Academy of Inventors fellows<img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/jerry%20cox.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>​Washington University in St. Louis this year celebrates two new fellows of the National Academy of Inventors, the highest professional distinction accorded solely to academic inventors. The distinction recognizes their prolific and innovative work and their contributions, which have had tangible, positive impacts on society.</p><p>The two new honorees are Jerome R. Cox Jr., senior professor emeritus in computer science and engineering at the McKelvey School of Engineering, and Jack H. Ladenson, the Oree M. Carroll and Lillian B. Ladenson Professor of Clinical Chemistry in Pathology and Immunology and professor of clinical chemistry in medicine at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis.</p><p><strong>Cox</strong> has been at Washington University since 1955, starting as an assistant professor after having earned bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in electrical engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In April 1964, he founded the Biomedical Computing Laboratory, whose goal was the introduction of small computers to biomedical research.<br/></p><p></p><p>But Cox may be best known for bringing to Washington University from MIT the Laboratory INstrument Computer, or LINC, and the team that designed it.</p><p>The LINC pioneered personal computing in biomedical research at the School of Medicine and in biomedical laboratories throughout the nation. In 1975, Cox became the founding chairman of the Department of Computer Science, where, for 15 years, he guided its development and growth.</p><p>With two colleagues, Cox founded Growth Networks, which produced an advanced networking chip set and was eventually acquired by Cisco. He launched Blendics Inc., which makes computer-aided design software to assist in the development of asynchronous computing systems. He also founded Q-Net Security, a cybersecurity company that works at the physical level, using a hardware barrier to thwart cyberattacks.</p><p>Cox is a member of the National Academy of Science’s National Academy of Medicine and a fellow of the Acoustical Society of America, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers and the American College of Medical Informatics.</p><p>The Harold B. and Adelaide G. Welge Professor of Computer Science at Washington University from 1989-98, Cox was awarded an honorary doctor of science in 2001. His honors also include the 2011 Chancellor’s Award for Innovation and Entrepreneurship, which he received along with Jonathan Turner. That same year, Cox was recognized with the then-School of Engineering & Applied Science’s Dean’s Award.<br/></p>Cox was instrumental building a department that has an international reputation for biomedical computing applications and computer networking as the first chair of the Department of Computer Science. (Photo: Washington University Archives)The Source Engineering's Cox, School of Medicine's Ladenson to be inducted at annual meeting in April<p>​McKelvey Engineering's Cox, School of Medicine's Ladenson to be inducted at annual meeting in April<br/></p> Karandish: 5 Encouragements for Entrepreneurs<img alt="" src="/prospective-students/graduate-admissions/PublishingImages/David-Karandish-Capacity-1200x708.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>​Alumnus and tech giant David Karandish, BSCS ‘05, knows what it takes to be a successful entrepreneur. </p><p>Karandish has over 18 years’ experience running startups. He is the founder and CEO of <a href="">Capacity</a>, an AI-native knowledge-sharing platform. His previous startup, <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a>, was acquired by a private equity company in 2014 for $900 million. Here, he offers 5 Encouragements for Entrepreneurs. </p><h2>5 Encouragements for Entrepreneurs</h2><p>I was recently asked to give a 10-minute keynote to a group of startup entrepreneurs and investors, so I thought back on some of the questions I often get asked.</p><p>“David, what should I know today that I don’t?”</p><p>“What kind of advice can you give me?”</p><p>“You’ve had some successes and some failures, what wisdom can you impart?”</p><p>As I reflected on these questions, it occurred to me how often I’ve sought out wisdom from other entrepreneurs, when what I really needed was encouragement. Here are five encouragements that entrepreneurs of all stages can relate to.</p><h2>Encouragement #1: The Work You’re Doing Matters</h2><p>I want to encourage you to know that the work you’re doing is important.</p><p>I know that as an entrepreneur, you probably don’t lack self-esteem. Anyone who is crazy enough to start a business usually has a fairly high amount of confidence. Today things may be going well for you. Maybe you just signed a big client or secured a key investor. A senior developer you were recruiting just accepted. Your new website is finally live.<br/></p><p>But there will come a time when you enter into what can only be described as a dark night of the soul.</p><p>You’ll have a co-founder who gives up.</p><p>You’ll have a team member that you thought would be the next great thing for your sales department take a job somewhere else for a higher salary.</p><p>You’ll have tussles with investors.</p><p>You’ll have product deadlines you thought you were going to make but didn’t.</p><p>In those dark nights of the soul, when you’re putting in 50, 60, 70 and in some cases 80 hours a week on your venture, you’re going to ask yourself this question:</p><p>“Is all this worth it?”</p><p>I’m here to tell you: yes, it’s worth it.</p><p>Here in St. Louis we’ve had so many companies get acquired, then the brain trust leaves our city. Look at the blueprint we’ve had for turning St. Louis around (credit to Gabe Lozano for pointing this out).</p><p>40 years ago our city’s plan was to fix up the Arch and add a stadium.</p><p>Don’t get me wrong, I’m a big fan of the Arch and I love sports, but we are still working from a 40-year-old blueprint: clean up the Arch grounds and build a new stadium.</p><p>Sure, a new stadium is nice, but if we don’t refill the well by creating great companies that people stick with, this city will not reach the full potential that it could.</p><p>Your city needs you to create jobs. Your city needs you to stay after an exit.</p><p>Your city needs you to hire local.</p><p>So, in those moments when you’re wrestling with questions like, “Can I go through with this? Can I put in this extra hour? Can I stick with my idea? Is it all worth it?”</p><p>Remember — you have a chance to help make your city the best darn city in the country.</p><p>Well, the second best at least. <img role="img" class="emoji" alt="🙂" src="" style="box-sizing: inherit; width: 20px; margin: 5px; display: inline !important; box-shadow: none !important; vertical-align: -0.1em !important; background-image: none !important;"/></p><h2>Encouragement #2: Build a Diverse Team with Aligned Values</h2><p>I want to defy a bit of conventional wisdom for a minute on this one.</p><p>When people start talking about what it looks like to build your founding team, conventional wisdom says you’ll want a team with a lot of diversity. To be sure, diversity of socioeconomic status, race, gender, background and skills is absolutely critical and will lead to different perspectives coming to light.</p><p>But one thing I think is understudied in the marketplace is the idea of values alignment in your founding team.</p><p>When you put your initial team together, or when you’re trying to figure out who that cohort of people will take your company to the next level, what I’ve found is early-stage team members don’t usually bow out because they’re not talented.</p><p>If they’re not talented, you wouldn’t have hired them.</p><p>They don’t usually bow out because they get recruited by another company, although that happens.</p><p>In early-stage companies, I’ve found the people who don’t work out are people who don’t fit the values of the company in the stage that you’re in.</p><p>So if you’re a fast-moving startup and you want to crank the proverbial lawnmower up to “rabbit” mode and you bring in someone from a big company with lots of great resume potential, but they think you’re going to be operating in “turtle” mode, it’s not going to work out.</p><p>Think through the values your team needs in the stage your company is in, and consider how you might ensure your early team fits those values.</p><p>Now, this doesn’t mean everyone is going to be a carbon copy of each other.</p><p>For example, my executive assistant Jeremy and I couldn’t be more different from one another.</p><p>I’m an extrovert, he’s an introvert. I’m intuitive, he’s sensory.</p><p>I’m St. Louis, he’s Kansas City. I hate eggs, he loves them.</p><p>Most personality tests — and people who know us — would say we’re very different from each other.</p><p>Even though we have very different backgrounds, personalities and skills, when Jeremy and I took a values assessment, 4 out of 5 of our top values were the same.</p><p>So hire a diverse team, but spend time leaning in to what your personal and corporate values are, and make sure your founding team has a lot of values overlap.</p><h2>Encouragement #3: Infuse AI Into Your Business</h2><p>I fundamentally believe artificial intelligence is changing — and is going to continue to change — the way we work. What do I mean by that?</p><p>Every field under the sun — transportation, health care, financial services, retail, and every aspect of our economy will be changed by AI.<br/></p><p>If you’re starting a business today and you want it to be around for another ten years or more, I highly encourage you to look into how you can start incorporating AI into your business.</p><p>I’m going to double click on three areas of AI to consider applying to your business.</p><h4>Cognitive Offloading</h4><p>The first is a term called cognitive offloading, a term that has been garnering a lot of play recently. It’s the idea that you take the things that you think about, your memory, the things in your brain and offload them to another medium.</p><p>We started doing this thousands of years ago with writing. Instead of having to remember who paid their taxes or how the last act of the play ends, we started writing those things down so we didn’t have to keep them in our heads. With the advent of the internet, we’ve been able to use search engines for fast facts for a long time.</p><p>Increasingly, cognitive offloading is going to allow us to take the skills and tasks we do in the workplace and place them on the machines to go complete.</p><p>My startup, Capacity, is in the cognitive-offloading AI space — we provide a secure knowledge-sharing platform to help teams do their best work, by making all your company intelligence instantly accessible.</p><p>I highly recommend looking into the cognitive offloading space to see if it can intersect with any of the business ventures you’re involved in.</p><h4>Image Recognition</h4><p>The second area of AI I would spend some time in is the world of image recognition.</p><p>I just saw an article this morning on how San Francisco is banning the use of facial recognition in policing. Now we can argue whether that is a good idea or a bad idea, but the fact of the matter remains – image recognition is taking on entirely new challenges we haven’t seen before.</p><p>Whether it’s identifying which fruit should go to the grocery store or identifying areas of fraudulent transactions or helping vehicles drive themselves — image recognition is powering the next wave of the economy.</p><p>I would be taking a look at if there is a way you can incorporate this type of technology into your existing offering.</p><h4>Reskilling</h4><p>Lastly, when you think about artificial intelligence, everyone wants to talk about Machine Learning, natural language processing, neural networks, and so on. We talk about all these fun movies and TV shows: Ex Machina, The Good Place, Avengers Ultron, Westworld, etc.</p><p>But there’s another important area of our economy that people are just starting to jump into.</p><p>It’s this concept of reskilling.</p><p>If the AI revolution plays out like we think it will, there are going to be a whole bunch of people stuck in the middle who aren’t old enough to retire and not young enough to have naturally migrated to a different field where their skills could be applied in a new way.</p><p>This group of people will need reskilling. They’ll need new 21st-century training, jobs, internships, etc.</p><p>If I was starting a business today, this is one of the areas I would be looking at. Is there a way my product or service can help this upcoming cohort of people who need reskilling?</p><p>I happen to sit on the board of a company called <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">Varsity Tutors</a> — the largest online tutoring platform in the US.</p><p>Varsity Tutors is one of the pioneers in its field as they move from not just helping kids get a better algebra score, but helping adults learn new skills and new trades as they’re trying to prepare for the next economy.</p><blockquote><p>Think about ways you can bring AI into your own work.<br/></p></blockquote><h2>Encouragement #4: Pay it Forward</h2><p>Next, I want to encourage you to pay it forward.</p><p>My first computer was an old 486, saved from the dumpster.</p><p>My dad’s work was throwing out their 486 machines because at that time the technology was so old they thought it belonged in the trash.</p><p>So my dad brought one home and I started learning how to code on this old antiquated machine, which changed the trajectory of my life.</p><p>The sad thing about where St. Louis is as a city is that we are a tale of two cities. We have a city south of Delmar that has access to immense resources. And yet we have a city north of Delmar whose resources are very much in want.</p><p>I don’t want to turn this into a political discussion. I need more than one post for that. But I truly believe that if we want to heal the “Delmar divide” we need to heal the digital divide in St. Louis.</p><p>One way I’m paying it forward and trying to help heal St. Louis is through a nonprofit I helped co-found called <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">Create a Loop</a>.</p><p>Create a Loop is teaching kids computer science with a one for one model. So for every kid from a well-resourced family who wants to learn how to code, we can provide a scholarship for a kid from an under-resourced area who doesn’t have access to computer science education.</p><p>I’m not saying we’re going to solve every problem in this city by teaching kids to code, but I can tell you that we are already starting to put a dent in that digital divide.</p><p>We have our first kids in Create a Loop who are starting web-based businesses with what they’ve learned in these classes.</p><p>STL friends: If you ever get a chance to volunteer, go to <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer"></a> and sign up. Or, if you have any school connections — for-profit, nonprofit, city schools, county schools — reach out to us. I want to see St. Louis on the map for teaching computer science!</p><p>I’ve said this before and I will keep saying it until it changes: in the state of Missouri we teach our kids about two years of earth science. Our kids are learning more about <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">stalactites</a>  and <a href="" target="_blank" rel="nofollow noopener noreferrer">stalagmites</a> than they are about how to code an app that could change the planet.</p><p>Even as you’re starting your next venture, think about how you can pay it forward in your city.</p><h2>Encouragement #5: Build a Rhythm of Rest</h2><p>My last encouragement is to build a rhythm of rest.</p><p>You’ve worked your tail off. You’re super excited about your idea and your venture. You’re passionate about what you can build.</p><p>But I want to speak as a bit of an elder statesman at 35.</p><p>I remember what it was like to be in my early 20s — bright-eyed, bushy-tailed, excited to go start a new venture.</p><p>I’m still very excited. I’m even more excited about the work I’m doing today. I’m like a kid in a 35-year-old body. My wife reminds me of this all the time.</p><p>I put in lots of hours working at my startup — and I enjoy doing so.</p><p>But one thing I’ve learned is that it’s important to build in a rhythm of rest.</p><p>When I first started out as an entrepreneur, I’d work seven days a week. Burnout was a regular inevitability.</p><p>As a practicing Christian, I’ve started really embracing an old concept called the Sabbath.</p><p>Now, people practice this in a lot of different ways, but I choose to take an email sabbath.</p><blockquote><p>Email is the gateway drug of work and Slack is the crack of work.</p></blockquote><p>Go ahead and quote me on that one.</p><p>I will work very, very hard six days a week — but from Saturday afternoon to Sunday afternoon, I do a 24-hour email and Slack sabbath.</p><p>If something is on fire, you can call me. I’m not that legalistic about it. But I’ve set up this rhythm in my life so I can spend time with my family and recharge.</p><p>I do this so I can do a much better job the six days of the week I do work.</p><p>Regardless of your faith background or your personal convictions, I would highly recommend building a rhythm of rest in now as you’re starting your venture.</p><p>Don’t wait till it’s too late and you’ve already burned out.</p><h4>To recap, here are my five encouragements:</h4><p></p><ol><li>The Work You’re Doing Matters<br/></li><li>Build a Diverse Team with Aligned Values<br/></li><li>Infuse AI Into Your Business<br/></li><li>Pay it Forward<br/></li><li>Build a Rhythm of Rest<br/></li></ol><p></p>Fuse and tech giant David Karandish, BSCS ‘05, knows what it takes to be a successful entrepreneur. presents keynote speech at CoCoNet conference<img alt="" src="/Profiles/PublishingImages/Jain_Raj.jpg?RenditionID=2" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><p>​Raj Jain, the Barbara J. & Jerome R. Cox, Jr. Professor of Computer Science, was the opening keynote speaker at the 3<sup>rd</sup> International Conference on Computing and Network Communications (CoCoNet) in Trivandrum, India. His talk was titled "Trends and Issues in Networking: What's In, What's Out." <br/></p>2019-12-19T06:00:00ZRaj Jain was the opening keynote speaker at the 3rd International Conference on Computing and Network Communications. of Computational and Data Sciences marries AI, social science<img alt="" src="/news/PublishingImages/original_1394454479.jpg?RenditionID=1" style="BORDER:0px solid;" /><div id="__publishingReusableFragmentIdSection"><a href="/ReusableContent/36_.000">a</a></div><p>​Every day, social service professionals tackle complex problems across varying domains, working to determine which interventions are likely to be effective, fair and within an agency’s capabilities.</p><p>For a struggling parent in danger of losing their home, which alternative would prove more helpful in the long run, housing assistance or job training? Might a child in an unstable home benefit more from food assistance or an after-school program?</p><p>To tailor the right interventions, professionals use the tools at their disposal, including training, experience and a wealth of data. Taking into consideration all the available data would be a tall order for any person, particularly when they are focused on the people they’re helping.<br/></p><p></p><p>A new PhD program at Washington University in St. Louis is looking at developing additional tools for use in social services and other areas dealing with human and social behavior: computer programs that can use this wealth of data to help humans better understand problems in the social sciences.</p><p>This is the inaugural semester of the <a href="">Division of Computational and Data Sciences</a> (DCDS), one of a few of its kind in the country, which focuses on turning the computational lens on social sciences. The program has four tracks:</p><ul><li><p>computational methodologies,</p></li><li><p>social work and public health,</p></li><li><p>political science, and</p></li><li><p>psychological and brain sciences.</p></li></ul> <p>Students come from either a computer science or social science background, but have a team of mentors from different disciplines and graduate as experts in a transdisciplinary field, creating something brand new.<br/></p><p></p><p>It’s not that the disciplines haven’t worked together in the past, said <a href="/Profiles/Pages/Sanmay-Das.aspx">Sanmay Das</a>, associate professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and head of the computational methodologies track. It’s not unusual for him to be approached by a social scientist asking the help of machine learning to solve a problem that involves a lot of data.</p><blockquote>“But what really gets me excited,” Das said, “is when a social scientist’s problem enables exciting conversations between the disciplines, leading to the discovery of a new problem that transcends traditional disciplinary boundaries.”</blockquote><p>DCDS sits at that nexus of social science and computer science, where an interesting question in the former leads to an equally interesting question in the latter.</p><p>Das and <a href="">Patrick Fowler</a>, associate professor in the Brown School and head of the social work and public health track, have recently received two grants for projects that illustrate the potential power, and complexity, of marrying the disciplines.</p><h4>Getting to the heart of the issue</h4><p>Resource allocation is at the heart of both issues. What are the opportunities for, and the potential pitfalls of, algorithmic allocation of scarce social resources, such as affordable housing, substance abuse treatment or access to food?</p><p>In particular, Das and Fowler are looking at this question in the context of homelessness, housing insecurity and child maltreatment. With an expected $459,444 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the two will study algorithms for the allocation and efficient use of scarce housing resources. A $299,996 NSF grant will go toward exploring algorithms to improve early screening and targeted assistance to families who are at risk of homelessness and child maltreatment.</p><p>Using data from Illinois, the two are working to assess the scope of housing problems that contribute to child maltreatment referrals. “There are always more people who need case management than can be allocated,” Fowler said. The agencies responsible for making decisions don’t always know which intervention is best. Does a family need rental assistance or landlord mediation? Or maybe housing isn’t the only predictor when it comes to child maltreatment.</p><p>“There could be a pattern where food assistance is actually a really good early intervention,” Fowler said. “This is where there could be efficiency gains.” Perhaps an algorithm could inform some decision making while having the added benefit of easing the burden on caseworkers.</p><p>The other project focuses directly on homelessness itself. In any community, there are limited resources. When it comes to housing, that could mean a bed in a shelter, help paying rent or a temporary home.</p><p>“Suppose we can better measure what’s the actual best bundle of resources to provide someone,” Das said. “Would that enable us to achieve better overall outcomes with a similar budget? Are we missing out because there are people who could be helped with more lightweight interventions as opposed to more heavyweight interventions?”</p><h4>Ensuring fair interventions</h4><p>Whatever the interventions being considered, Das said, and in DCDS, the aim is to ensure those interventions are just. But that notion of justice is not clear-cut, not in the realm of the social sciences, and certainly not in computer science.</p><p>“What are the consequences of trying to adhere to notions of justice, and do decision-making that thinks of equity and efficiency in the same breath?” Das asked.</p><p>Neither Das nor Fowler are under the impression that are simple answers to this or any of the questions that they’ll be exploring with their students.</p><p>“One of the goals of the projects is to figure out what we know and don’t know,” Fowler said, “and make sure that we’re not being overconfident based on the information we have.”</p><p>Simply entertaining the notion that a computer algorithm has any role to play in the domain of the social sciences is possible only because of modern advances in machine learning and the vast amounts of data now available, not just to social scientists, but also to engineers.</p><p>“We know a lot of details about households that go into social services,” Das said. “We will know, is this a single mother? Is this a family? What are the ages? Are there abuse problems? Medical problems? How much money can you expect the household to have per month?”</p><p>But it’s not that this data will be plugged into a computer, and a suggestion like temporary housing and substance abuse counseling will appear on the screen. The algorithm’s outputs will be scrutinized and used to improve its ability to hit those three marks: justice, fairness, and efficiency.</p><p>“Computer scientists often don’t want to tackle these questions because they are harder to formalize in a crisp, analytical way,” Das said. But those are just the kinds of intellectually stimulating questions that DCDS was created for — partly because they are more than simply interesting engineering questions.</p><p>“This work is inherently motivated by social justice, in some sense we are always dealing with the ethics of this,” he said. “If we weren’t doing that, it wouldn’t be intellectually stimulating for us,” Das and Fowler both agreed.</p> <SPAN ID="__publishingReusableFragment"></SPAN><br/><div><div class="cstm-section"><h3>Sanmay Das<br/></h3><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong> <a href="/Profiles/Pages/Sanmay-Das.aspx"> <img src="/Profiles/PublishingImages/Das_Sanmay.jpg?RenditionID=3" alt="" style="margin: 5px;"/></a> <br/></strong></div><ul style="text-align: left;"><li>Associate Professor<br/></li><li>Research: Designing effective algorithms for agents in complex, uncertain environments and in understanding the social or collective outcomes of individual behavior. <br/></li></ul><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="/Profiles/Pages/Sanmay-Das.aspx">>> View Bio</a><br/></p></div><div class="cstm-section"><h3>Patrick Fowler<br/></h3><div style="text-align: center;"> <strong> <a href=""> <img src="/news/PublishingImages/fowler-patrick-bio.jpg?RenditionID=3" alt="Pratim Biswas" style="margin: 5px;"/></a> <br/></strong></div><ul style="text-align: left;"><li>Associate Professor - Brown School<br/></li><li>Research: Housing and homelessness, homelessness prevention,child maltreatment and child welfare system, complex systems evaluation, prevention science<br/></li></ul><p style="text-align: center;"> <a href="">>> View Bio</a><br/></p></div></div>The Division of Computational and Data Sciences is a new PhD program that marries computer science and social science, putting computers to work helping people solve pressing social problems. (Image: Shutterstock)Brandie Jefferson new PhD program brings together technology and social science to attack pressing issues<p>​A new PhD program brings together technology and social science to attack pressing issues<br/></p>